Nutrients, the body there are actually 2 types: staple food and nutrition. The basic nutrients are nutrients that are already produced by the body. One example is cholesterol and fat. While food nutrients are nutrients that cannot be produced by the body so needing input in the form of food. Examples of carbohydrate foods are nutrients, vitamins, minerals, protein, fat, and water of life. Carbohydrates, fats, and proteins known as Macronutrient compose the majority of our food daily (> 500gr per day). The third task of these nutrients is a substance as a builder and caregiver of the tissues of the body. In addition, as fuel physical activity and support the body’s metabolism.
If there is a micronutrient macro then there is also. Micro-nutrient consisting of vitamins, minerals, and water as mediators of the metabolic processes of the body. Our body needs 300 mg per day of vitamin and mineral 20gr per day. While the water your body needs about 2 liters per day as a media occurrence of the metabolic processes of the body. Each individual requires a different amount of each nutrient, depending on factors such as gender and age. Certain health conditions such as pregnancy, lactation, illness or treatment, resulting in the unusual request from the body and increase the need for nutrition.
Water is the most important nutrient requirement that the body needs. 70% of the human body is made up of water, so without us realizing that water is a very important component to keep the part of the body, weight, and health of the body. Most of the water is good for the body is pure white water nor were disturbed tea, coffee, oranges, etc. Whitewater in the body will circulation with blood and spleen for transporting oxygen and nutrients throughout the body and getting rid of dirt results metabolism through urine and sweat. Whitewater is also beneficial for maintaining the balance of the acid-base (levels of salt), natural body, smooth joints, and tissues, regulates body temperature, maintain blood pressure, blood volume, a large molecular structure, and Suppleness of the body tissue, solvents and lubrication of the joints.
Carbohydrates are the most important source of energy for our body. From carbohydrates, we can do everyday activities without feeling weakness or hunger. Each carbohydrate offers 4 calories 1gr energy body. Carbohydrate consists of carbon atoms, hydrogen, and oxygen. Carb overhaul process in the human body will produce the glucose of the body (sugar), which serves to maintain the amount of protein in the tissues, fat metabolism, and control of the central nervous system. As a source of complex carbohydrates is the main substance of the flour (wholemeal bread and cereals, pasta, corn, beans, peas, and potatoes) and sugar (fruit and many vegetables, dairy products; and maple sugar, honey and sugar cane). Our bodies digest and absorb the complex carbohydrates at a level that helps to keep enough sugar levels already contained in the blood.
Protein is a nutrient essential to build and repair body tissues starting from the ends of the hair to toe, organ, to the muscles. Protein is also required as a helper in maintaining the body structure, accelerating chemical reactions in the body, function as a chemical messenger, fighting infections, and transporting oxygen from the lungs to the tissues of the body. Protein can also produce 4 calories of energy for each gram, so you could say that protein is the body’s source of energy. In addition to carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen, proteins also contain nitrogen. The whole complex is this unit, which is used to regeneration the cells and genes in the body. Protein is also urgently needed children to spur the growth of the child. There are 2 protein sources, namely vegetable proteins (vegetables, grains, and beans) and animal (eggs, milk, meat, fish, and poultry). Experts recommend eating protein by 10% of the calories eaten from the food daily. The World Health Organization recommends good quality protein consumption amounted to 0.75 grams per kilogram of body weight per day.