Blood Glucose Levels

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blood sugar (glucose) is an important value for early diagnosis, early detection, and treatment of diabetes. Can be easily determined.

Simple sugar (sugar wine) and serve the body as an energy source for many metabolic processes. Blood glucose levels should be constantly monitored by the body, such as the under sugar and increased blood glucose levels can cause damage. Blood glucose levels are regulated by the hormones insulin and glucagon. Insulin lowers value, glucagon increases it.
Blood Glucose Levels
When the blood glucose value determined?
Blood glucose levels are determined very often, so on:

  • Examination (check-up 35)
  • For the detection of pregnancy gestational diabetes or diabetes, there is already a control treatment
  • Symptoms that indicate diabetes (thirst, fainting, itching, weight loss)
  • Metabolic disturbances and alleged
  • Possible pancreatic disease

In the case of diagnostizerten diabetes, blood glucose regularly used for the control and therapy. However, because it only shows the instantaneous values, HbA1c is primarily destined for long-term control of diabetes today. This acts as a memory of blood glucose and provides information about blood glucose level average over a period of six to twelve weeks.

Diabetes in pregnancy
For pregnant diabetics, glucose values should be tested is very consistent and regular basis. By changing the balance of hormones and alter metabolism, blood sugar levels is dependent on fluctuations during this time. A value that is too high will have a negative effect on the health of the fetus. There is a risk of malformation of organs, the development and growth of the embryo in the uterus disorders. In addition, the high glucose levels the mother increases the risk that a child becomes overweight at an early stage or become diabetes even then.

How Does the blood glucose value determine?
The value specified in the capillary blood or plasma. Mean blood capillaries will be removed from the earlobe or finger. There is no need for complex laboratory tests.

Diabetics can and should regularly check their own blood sugar. A wide range of blood glucose meters available for this purpose. Even at the pharmacy, you can easily determine the value.

Detailed information about blood glucose measurements and the most common mistakes in the handling of blood glucose meters can be found in special diabetes.

In addition, the concentration of glucose in the urine can also be determined. The body’s ability to process glucose can also be determined by oral glucose tolerance test.

Normal values for blood glucose
Glucose levels in healthy people varies throughout the day. It depends on the food and how rich in sugar and/or carbohydrates has been.

So it’s normal that the increased blood sugar after a meal, especially if the food (or drink) is sweet. Then the blood literally “flood” with a molecule of glucose. As a result, the pancreas is pouring more insulin to process glucose and to lower the blood sugar back to normal. This cycle work both in healthy people, impaired in diabetics.

If there is not enough insulin or is not produced (type 1 diabetes) or the body’s own insulin if it no longer effective (type 2 diabetes), blood sugar after a meal is on the rise, especially by sweet or CARB-rich foods, if not controlled opposites. This can be done with drugs, syringes or deliberate refusal to certain foods.

The values that are important to assess if blood sugar levels have all order is fast (also called Nüchterngluckose), which is best measured in the morning after at least twelve hours of fasting. Blood sugar shown in mg/dl or mmol/l.For more information about dabetes visit

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